as Simon already pointed out, systemd is complaining about “missing filesystems”. A typical cause would be file system corruption, but also it could be some general problem with the disk image.
When in rescue mode, please try to check what file systems it is trying to find, and try to locate the according block devices. Does your system disk look like what you’d expect from your earlier work (virtual disks, partitions, file systems on them)? Have you probably changed the type of disk, as configured in VMware, so that device assignments, required drivers or alike may have changed? (I don’t recall having ever seen a virtual disk appear as “FAST-40 WIDE SCSI” in a VMware VM, but maybe I just overlooked it…)